How To Give Cpr Step By Step: CPR, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is an emergency first aid technique that is a combination of chest compressions and artificial ventilation (mouth-to-mouth). It is a life-saving procedure that can help keep someone’s blood flowing after their heart stops beating, as well as double or triple the chances of survival after cardiac arrest.
The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends the use of the letters CAB to help you remember the order of CPR steps:
How To Give Cpr Step By Step
According to the American Red Cross, here are the 7 steps for performing CPR:
- Assess the situation
Make sure the person is on a firm surface
Tap the person on the shoulder and confirm that they need help.
- Call for help
Look for someone who can get an automated external defibrillator (AED) if available at the nearest emergency medical care center.
If there is no AED available, stay with the victim and call 911.
- Open the airway
Lay the person on their back, and tilt their head back to lift their chin.
Remove any obvious blockages in the mouth or nose, such as vomit, blood, food, or loose teeth.
- Check for breathing
Listen carefully for breathing sounds for at least 10 seconds (except for occasional gasping sounds).
If you cannot hear breathing sounds, begin CPR.
- Start chest compressions
Kneel next to the person’s neck and shoulders.
Position both of your hands (lower palms) on top of each other in the middle of the person’s chest.
Compress (push straight down) the chest at least 2 inches (5 cm) but no more than 2.4 inches (6 cm).
Use your entire body weight (not just your arms) to deliver pressure at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute.
Push hard and fast.
Allow a few seconds after each push so that the chest springs back.
- Deliver rescue breaths
Tilt the person’s head back, lift their chin, pinch their nose shut, and place your mouth over their mouth to make a complete seal.
After mouth-to-mouth contact, blow to make the person’s chest rise.
If the chest rises, deliver a second breath.
Deliver at least two rescue breaths first, then continue compressions.
- Continue CPR steps
Continue with the chest compressions cycles and breathing until:
The person exhibits signs of life, such as breathing or movement.
An AED becomes available.
Emergency medical services or a trained medical responder arrives on the scene and takes over.
What is the most common reason CPR is needed?
CPR is needed if a person is unconscious, not breathing, or breathing abnormally
Critical components of a high-quality CPR include the following
– Minimize interruptions in chest compressions
-Provide chest compressions of adequate depth and rate
-Do not lean on the victim between compressions
-Ensure proper hand placement
-Avoid excessive ventilation
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